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Grade I listed buildings in Richmond upon Thames

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  • listed buildings richmond, richmond, richmond upon thames, listed buildings, grade I
  • Posted date:
  • 17-11-2021
Grade I listed buildings in Richmond upon Thames

Find out more about the range of grade I listed buildings in Richmond upon Thames. Notable buildings include Asgill House, Garrick's Shakespeare Temple and Hampton Court Palace.

Arethusa or 'Diana' Fountain 

The Diana Fountain, sometimes known as Arethusa, is a statue made of bronze depicting a goddess standing on a stone and marble fountain. The goddess is surrounded by four water nymphs, four boys and four seashells. 

The fountain was created by Hubert Le Sueur in 1637 as a response to a request from King Charles I for his wife. In 1713 the fountain was moved to Bushy Park; this is where the statue still stands today.

Grade I listed buildings in Richmond upon Thames

Asgill House 

Also known as Richmond Place, Asgill House sits on top of land that was previously owned by the Royal Palace of Henry VIII. In fact, it was built right where the old palace's brewhouse was located. 

Historians have noted that the building is designed after the turrets that once occupied the same grounds. The brewhouse was constantly changing hands until Sir Charles Asgill got his hands on the property and finally erected Asgill House in 1760.

Chapel in the Wood 

The Chapel in the Wood is a small chapel found within the grounds of St Mary's University in the Strawberry Hill section of Twickenham, London. The chapel was built in 1772-74 for Horace Walpole, the 4th Earl of Orford. 

The chapel's style is an example of early Gothic revival architecture. Restoration for the chapel took place in 1954; it was rededicated to the Virgin Mary with a brand new statue imported from Italy, as well as new stand glass windows.

Church of All Hallows 

All Hallows in Twickenham is a listed church and parish of the Church of England. The church was first built as an extension to the St Martin's Mission Church. In 1933, the church gained its own priest named Harold Schofield, and under this leadership, the church was made its own parish. 

The church borrows a lot of elements of the All Hallows Lombard Street church om Central London which was demolished in 1937. Elements such as the bells, cloister and interior furnishings were transported to the new site.

Garrick's Shakespeare Temple 

In 1754, a revered actor named David Garrick purchased a property named Hampton House, which is now known as Garrick's Villa. In 1755, he decided to build a folly in the house gardens, which he would dedicate as a temple to his muse and idol Shakespeare. 

Garrick used the temple to display many of his Shakespeare keepsakes and would often host parties for family and friends in the 'temple'.


Garrick's Villa 

Garrick's Villa is located on Hampton Court Road in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. Previously named Hampton House before its procurement by David Garrick, the house was first erected in the Middle Ages. Once under Garrick's ownership, many changes and alterations to the property took place. 

For example, Garrick commissioned workers to build an orangery on the property, as well as a tunnel underneath the road which would connect to his riverside lawn.


Hampton Court Palace 

Originally built by Cardinal Wolsey in the early 16th century, the Tudor Hampton Court Palace is one of Richmond upon Thames oldest buildings. 

Soon after its construction, the building caught the attention of Henry VIII, who lived in the palace with all of his six wives. 

The Palace features stunning gardens and the UK's oldest surviving hedge maze. When William III later took the throne, he commissioned Sir Christopher Wren to construct a new baroque palace next to Hampton Court. The palace has been open to the public since 1838 and draws in millions of visitors.  

Ham House 

Ham House was built in 1610 and owned by a spirited courtier named William Murray. He resided in Ham House with his wife Katherine and his daughter Elizabeth. 

William studied as a young man with Charles I, and they remained friends as they grew older. Ham House was given as a gift to William by Charles I in 1626. Between the years 1637-9, William and his daughter transformed the house into the decedent beauty we know today.  

Maids of Honour Row 

Maids of Honour Row is a Georgian terrace building constructed in 1724 for Caroline of Ansbach, the wife of George II. She was an extremely well-liked monarch who unfortunately lived a very sad life. She is actually commonly credited with the original idea for a vaccine. 

The building was created as a place of residence for Caroline's ladies-in-waiting. The row is made up of four three-storey and five-window houses. At the back of the property, you can find the original palace tower, which is connected to the No. 1 through passageways.

Marble Hill House 

Marble Hill was created as a peaceful hideaway on the side of the Thames for Henrietta Howard, Countess of Suffolk. The building was inspired by the architect Palladio.

In this house, Henrietta would host dinners and entertain many of the great writers of the time. Marble Hill was 'saved for the nation' in an Act of Parliament in the year of 1904. 

Kew Observatory 

Found in the Old Deer Park in Richmond Surrey, The Kew Observatory was originally commissioned by King George III in 1769. King George III wished to have a recreational park for his own private use. 

Becoming dedicated to this goal, he then demolished all buildings on the west side of Old Deer Park. He placed the landscaping under the care of Capability Brown, and the observatory itself was designed by Sir William Chambers. King George III was fascinated by science, so the observatory was built so George could watch the stars from the building's cupola.

Orleans House 

First built by the architect John James in the year 1710, the house can be found next to the Thames in Twickenham. 

The house was constructed for use by the diplomat and politician James Johnston but was named after Duc d'Orleans, who stayed at the house during the early 19th century. 

By the time that the early 20th century was coming round, the house was mostly deserted, and then in 1926, the majority of the house was demolished. However, the octagonal room was preserved and now acts as a gallery along with a transformed stable connected to the building.


Richmond Bridge 

Richmond Bridge was constructed in the 18th century out of stone. The bridge connects the two halves of what is known as the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. 

Richmond Bridge was designed by two architects known as Kenton Couse and James Paine. In the years between 1937 and 1940, the bridge was widened and somewhat flattened to accommodate for more traffic. Today, the bridge is the oldest surviving bridge on the Thames in London.


Richmond Golf Club 

First founded in February of 1891, the club was decided up at a meeting at the Greyhound Hotel found in Richmond. 

In the golf club's early days, it leased a course at Richmond's Old Deer Park, but soon the club moved to Sudbrook Park in Petersham, where the club was been based ever since. 

Sudbrook House is the association's golfclub. It was built by architect James Gibb in 1725 for John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll. The house is made from darkened red brick and white Portland stone. 

The building's unique style has made it well known as one of the greatest examples of 18th-century English Palladian architecture.

Strawberry Hill House 

Twickenham was incredibly fashionable, even back in the 18th century. The story of Strawberry Hill House starts with The 4th Earl of Orford, also known as Horace Walpole, looking for property in the area. 

He soon purchased land named 'Chopp'd Straw Hall' as it was one of the last properties remaining in the area. He then transformed what was originally a collection of small cottages into a magnificent gothic castle, complete with battlements and a round tower. 

The building soon became an attraction for local residents, so Walpole would allow up to four visitors a day, with the tour provided by his housekeeper.

The Trumpeters' House 

Originally name Trumpeting House, due to two stone statues of Trumpeters found outside the entrance, The Trumpeters' House is a stunning example of 18th-century architecture. 

The building can be found where the former Richmond Palace was once erected. Unfortunately, what we know as Trumpeters' House is only a small piece of the original palace which was extremely damaged and later torn down. 

After World War II, the house was turned into four distinct apartments, along with a small house which is known as Trumpeters' Lodge


The Wardrobe 

Hidden away in the wooded countryside of South West London, just next to the River Thames, you can find the beautiful 15th-century building known as The Wardrobe. If you can believe it, the property was built as a place for the Royal Family to store their personal property and clothing, hence the name. 

The building is of particular historical significance due to the building being all that remains of Henry VII's home of Richmond Palace. The Wardrobe was also commonly used by Queen Elizabeth I, who would often keep her belongings there when staying at The Palace.

The Wick 

The Wick can be found on the corner of Nightingale Lane and Richmond Hill. It was originally designed by the architect Robert Mylne in 1775 for Lady St. Aubyn. 

The building was the home of British actor Sir John Mills for many years before he sold the property to none other than Ronnie Wood from The Rolling Stones, who later passed on the property to Pete Townshend of The Who.

White Lodge 

The White Lodge can be found in Richmond Park. The building was once a common place of residence for the Royal Family but is now used as the Royal Ballet Lower School. 

Originally, the property was developed as a hunting lodge for George II. The building was designed by the architect Roger Morris in 1727. The building was originally named The Stone Lodge, but the name was changed to The New Lodge in order to differentiate the building from the nearby Old Lodge.

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